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Is there Juror Bias Against Female Attorneys?

Gender bias is often outside of conscious awareness and is implicit, meaning that it can occur in stark contrast to one’s consciously held explicit beliefs. Banaji & Greenwald (2002) posited that such social behavior is not completely under our conscious control but, rather, is driven by learned stereotypes that operate automatically or unconsciously when we […]

A View From the Jury Box: Managing Jurors’ Beliefs About Women Attorneys

In 19th century America, no one was concerned with gender bias in the courtroom because, well, there were no woman attorneys.  Few law schools were willing to enroll women let alone award diplomas to “the fairer sex.”  In 1875, the Wisconsin Supreme Court denied Lavinia Goodell admission to the state bar based on her gender.  […]